Anatoly Lukyanov, ex-Soviet parliament speaker, dies at 88

MOSCOW — Anatoly Lukyanov, a Communist politician who as Parliament speaker was imprisoned for his role in a coup attempt that precipitated the Soviet Union’s collapse, died Wednesday. He was 88.

Russia’s Channel One state did not specify the cause.

During the 1980s, Mr. Luk-yanov, a senior Communist Party official, was a top associate of Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev. A lawyer by training, he had known Gorbachev since they were university students.


Mr. Lukyanov moved into the speaker’s seat in Parliament, presiding over the intense infighting that marked the last years of the Soviet Union.

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He also played a key role in revamping the country’s laws amid Gorbachev’s political and economic reforms but eventually grew critical of Gorbachev’s policies and openly spoke against them.

Mr. Lukyanov hadn’t formally joined a group of hard-line Communist officials that staged a botched coup to topple Gorbachev in August 1991 but still was charged with complicity.

He was arrested and spent more than a year in prison until he was released.

During 1993-2003, he served in the Russian Parliament after winning elections on the Communist Party ticket.