Obituaries
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    Anatoly Lukyanov, ex-Soviet parliament speaker, dies at 88

    MOSCOW — Anatoly Lukyanov, a Communist politician who as Parliament speaker was imprisoned for his role in a coup attempt that precipitated the Soviet Union’s collapse, died Wednesday. He was 88.

    Russia’s Channel One state did not specify the cause.

    During the 1980s, Mr. Luk-yanov, a senior Communist Party official, was a top associate of Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev. A lawyer by training, he had known Gorbachev since they were university students.

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    Mr. Lukyanov moved into the speaker’s seat in Parliament, presiding over the intense infighting that marked the last years of the Soviet Union.

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    He also played a key role in revamping the country’s laws amid Gorbachev’s political and economic reforms but eventually grew critical of Gorbachev’s policies and openly spoke against them.

    Mr. Lukyanov hadn’t formally joined a group of hard-line Communist officials that staged a botched coup to topple Gorbachev in August 1991 but still was charged with complicity.

    He was arrested and spent more than a year in prison until he was released.

    During 1993-2003, he served in the Russian Parliament after winning elections on the Communist Party ticket.