WASHINGTON — The longest government shutdown in US history resulted in a “shocking” number of taxpayers’ calls to the IRS going unreturned or being left to languish on hold for unusually long periods, according to a government audit released Tuesday.
The audit, by the office of the National Taxpayer Advocate, found that over 5 million pieces of mail went unanswered and 87,000 amended tax returns were not processed during the shutdown, when thousands of IRS workers were furloughed or working without pay. The issues were especially acute since they followed significant changes to the tax code — ushered in by President Trump’s $1.5 trillion tax overhaul — that left many people with questions about filing their returns.
The problems continued even after the shutdown, the audit found. In the week that ended Feb. 2, shortly after agency employees returned to their jobs, less than half of the calls to the IRS’s accounts management lines were answered, compared with nearly 90 percent during the same week last year. The typical hold time for such callers rose to 17 minutes from 4 minutes in 2018.
There were similar frustrations for those who called the agency’s balance-due line to make payment arrangements for taxes they owed. Fewer than 7 percent of such calls were answered and the typical wait for those that were stretched to more than 80 minutes.
IRS officials said they were reviewing the taxpayer advocate’s findings. “We are continuing to assess the impact of the shutdown on our various operations across the agency and remain proud of the many IRS employees who have risen to the resulting challenges,” the agency said in a statement. “The IRS is committed to continue making improvements across our information technology, tax enforcement, and taxpayer service operations.”
Data released by the agency last week showed that Americans filed 12 percent fewer returns through Feb. 2, compared with the same point in 2018, and the IRS has processed 26 percent fewer returns. The agency has given no indication — in Tuesday’s statement or otherwise — that it might consider pushing back April’s tax filing deadline to account for shutdown-related snags.
The taxpayer advocate’s audit did not focus solely on the shutdown’s impact and reflected an effort by the office, which is led by Nina E. Olson, to capture the typical taxpayer experience when dealing with the IRS. The audit said that many Americans’ feelings about the process can be boiled down to two words: “extreme frustration.”
The audit found that a policy change made by the Trump administration intended to simplify the tax-filing process — the creation of a “postcard size” 1040 form — has made filing more difficult because the new form does not include much of the information many taxpayers need to complete their returns. “The new schedules will force some taxpayers to cross-reference and transfer data such as credits, deductions, and income, increasing the potential for errors to occur since the tax information is dispersed over many pages and needs to be tracked down and reported on different schedules and forms,” the report says.
The problems that became apparent during the 35-day shutdown underscored some of the agency’s deeper flaws, including a reliance on 1960s-era technology, the audit found. The systems that contain the official record of taxpayer accounts are the oldest in the federal government.
Inadequate financing is a primary cause of the agency’s failings, the audit found. Congress has long beat up on the IRS, routinely condemning its performance while cutting its budget. From fiscal 2017 to fiscal 2018, for example, money for improvements was reduced 62 percent, to $110 million.